Sickle Cell Anemia
Sickle cell disease is more prevalent than any other genetic disease including cystic fibrosis , Phenylketonuria (PKU) , Hemophilia, Tay-Sachs and muscular dystrophy. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), sickle cell anemia is counted as one of the top 4 global health issues, along side malaria, AIDS and tuberculosis.
1 in 10 people in the black population has the trait of sickle cell anemia
1 out of 400 children is affected by the disease
When both parents have the sickle cell trait, there is a 25% likelihood that the child will have the disease.
Each year more than 300 000 children worldwide are born with the disease and 50% will not reach their fifth birthday because proper disease management and support are not in place. Sickle cell anemia is more common than hemophilia, muscular dystrophy, cystic fibrosis, among many other common conditions.
In Canada, as in Quebec, there is very little data on this chronic disease although very common. The disease is not sufficiently known among health care providers. The means to help patients are often insufficient, while the consequences on patients and their families are numerous.
Sickle cell disease
Sickle cell disease is a group of hereditary diseases, the most common of which are sickle cell anemia and S-beta-thalassemia. In general, the term sickle cell disease is used to describe a group of genetic blood disorders of red blood cells characterized by a predominance of hemoglobin S. The main manifestations of the disease are chronic anemia and organ damage caused by the obstruction of blood flow.
The effects of the disease
Sickle cell anemia is a chronic disease with very painful crises that occur repeatedly throughout the life of sufferers. This pain is just one symptom of sickle cell disease, but it’s one felt again and again by patients, their families, and their caregivers.
Care and treatment
Currently sickle cell disease is incurable, but adequate medical care can prevent the effects . Pain in the person with sickle cell disease, because most often it will re-offend , should be treated quickly and effectively . Repeated pain, by the way they are experienced , have an impact on the psychological development and the child’s physical and his way of feeling the painful crises that will occur again and again.
The generosity of the partners plays a key role in the development and growth of the Sickle Cell Anemia Association of Quebec. Their support is invaluable. We thank them from the heart.